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The most interesting prehistoric rock drawings

2021-08-08

Bhimbetka cave shelters in Amchha Khurd, Madhya Pradesh, India 

Bhimbetka rock shelters are an archeological site in Madhya Pradesh, India, that spans the prehistoric Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods, and also exhibits the earliest trace of human life in India. Some of the paintings here are from as early as 8,000 BCE. Bhimbetka meaning "Bhim's resting place" or "Bhim's lounge", is a compound word made of Bhim (second brother among the five pandavas of mahabharata) and Baithak (seat or lounge). According to the native belief, Bhima during his exile used to rest here to interact with the locals. Bhimbekta rock art is considered the oldest petroglyph in the world.

Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai 

The numerous rock carvings and funerary monuments found in these three sites depict 12,000 years of cultural development and is an invaluable record of the culture and traditions of prehistoric and early historic communities occupying the region. The earliest images reflect a time (11,000 - 6,000 BC) when the area was partly forested and the valley provided a habitat for hunters of large game. Later images show the transition to herding as the dominant way of life. The most recent images show the transition to a horse-dependent nomadic lifestyle during the early 1st millennium BC, the Scythian period and the later Turkic period (7th and 8th centuries AD). Altai petroglyph complexes are one surviving source of information. 

Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape

Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape covers three areas of a plateau of rocky boulders rising out of the semi-desert of central Azerbaijan, with an outstanding collection of more than 6,000 rock engravings bearing testimony to 40,000 years of rock art. The site also features the remains of inhabited caves, settlements and burials, all reflecting an intensive human use by the inhabitants of the area during the wet period that followed the last Ice Age, from the Upper Paleolithic to the Middle Ages. For its quality and density of rock art engravings, Gobustan was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2007. 

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